Tunisian Crochet

Kim Guzman is an award-winning teacher and crochet pattern designer. She writes a variety of patterns including garments, home decor, accessories and gift items. Kim has authored 12 books, most of them in her favorite form of crochet–Tunisian crochet. Tunisian crochet offers Kim more flexibility in her designing due to its unique look, which can mimic knitting or weaving, depending on the stitches used while still maintaining crochet’s ease. Being able to combine these looks together in one project brings all needlework together and makes Tunisian crochet a favorite among many. You may often hear that Tunisian crochet is the “step-child” of knitting and crochet. “Not so,” says Kim. “Tunisian crochet is more like the best of both worlds!”

“Tunisian crochet is more like the best of both worlds!”


For the very first time in my career, I have two books coming out at the same time. Talk about amazing! And, overwhelming. I don’t know which one to tell you about first. So, I’ll give them equal billing and post them side-by-side.

The one on the left is currently available from Leisure Arts at Ultimate Beginner’s Guide to Tunisian Crochet. I have written a blog post detailing all the things I’ve taught in this book, which, as it turns out is quite a lot. All in one book. It’s truly a beautiful thing. You can also see the 9 projects from the book here. If you prefer an e-book download, you can purchase the book here.

The one on the right is available soon from Annie’s Publishing. Tunisian Cables to Crochet is an amazing book, teaching you to use Tunisian crochet to learn to make true handknit looking cables in 11 new and unique projects. You can see photos of the projects here. It is available in both hard copy and PDF download. My first blog post about the book, with my favorite project, can be found here.

Tunisian Crochet Videos

Learn how easy it is to do Tunisian crochet with my free online videos. Read more.

Tunisian Crochet Patterns

Find patterns in Tunisian crochet. Read more.

Tunisian Crochet Hooks

Find links to different types of hooks used in Tunisian crochet. Read more.

Popular blog posts about Tunisian crochet

Learn Tunisian Stitches (online)

How Many Tunisian Crochet Stitches

Tunisian crochet: It’s Revolutionary!

Knitting vs. Tunisian Crochet

Tunisian Crochet: Stop the Curling!

Tunisian Crochet Symbols

Learn to use Tunisian Crochet Symbols with my Symbol Directory. Read more.

Tunisian Crochet Classes

I teach Tunisian crochet in both live classes and online classes. Read more.


Tunisian, Afghan Stitch, Crochenit, Cro-Hook, MoEZ?  What’s the difference?

Tunisian crochet is the term for any crochet in which you use a long-ish hook. You open the stitches on one “pass”, then you close them up on the second “pass.” It’s very similar to knitting, although thicker since it takes two passes in order to complete the row.

If you can do a single crochet, then you can do Tunisian crochet. Imagine a single crochet. You insert your hook and pull up a loop. Then, you pull through two loops on your hook. For basic Tunisian crochet, all you are doing is a single crochet in assembly-line fashion. You insert your hook and pull up a loop, but you do that all the way across. Then, you yarn over and pull through the loops, closing each stitch, one at a time.

Tunisian Crochet encompasses hundreds of stitch variations and combinations that make it a very versatile technique.  What most people call “afghan stitch” is actually only one of many Tunisian stitches.

The Tunisian hook, also called afghan hook looks like a knitting needle with the “knob” on one end, but a crochet hook on the other instead of a point. You can also get the same thing with a hook on each end, a double-ended afghan hook. Now, for the hooks. Boye and Susan Bates both make them.

There are regular afghan hooks and there are those with the extender cable. There are regular double-ended hooks and there are those with the cable.

In the 70s, Mary Middleton introduced “Crochenit” which is double-ended Tunisian using only a size M hook. At the same time, Boye and Susan Bates were using their double-ended hooks and the technique was called cro-hook or cro-knit, depending on who the manufacturer/publisher was.

Twenty-five or so years’ later, Mary joined with Annie’s Attic for a short while and several leaflets were published as well as new manufacture of her special Crochenit hook, with red and green point protectors included for easy start and stop.  I am very fortunate in that I have some of Mary’s original Crochenit hooks from the 70s.  I was able to get them on eBay as well as some of her original publications before she started publishing through Annie’s Attic.

In the 90s, crochet with the double-ended hook became widely known as Crochet on the Double when many new patterns were introduced by Annie’s Attic in this technique.  Darla Fanton designed a tremendous amount of items and had several leaflets published as she basically reintroduced the technique, almost by herself.  There were others (including me LOL).  But, Darla’s numerous designs sort of “heralded” the reintroduction.

MoEZ is the name given the hooks made by Monte Grimm. They are both regular Tunisian hooks as well as double-ended hooks. Instead of a knob on the end of the Tunisian hooks, I believe he has dipped them in some type of rubber, color coding the rubber for the size of the hook. They make larger Tunisian hooks from about a size L and up.

Carolyn Christmas introduced her larger Tunisian hooks in the late 90s or early 00s. They are Tunisian hooks in sizes L, M, N and P, I believe. These are called Easy Tunisian hooks.

Although very similar, there is a major difference between regular Tunisian crochet and cro-hook . For regular Tunisian, you work with one hook and you don’t turn your work. For double-ended Tunisian (cro-hook, cro-knit, crochet on the double), you turn your work and you use two separate balls of yarn, one for each hook.

What About Linked Stitches?

Linked stitches are Tunisian crochet stitches worked across a narrow row in a join-as-you-go method. See my free video here.

View my free online videos to get going and before too long, you’ll be hooked!

50 comments

  • Joyce

    Your videos have been so helpful. Now I better understand how to do Tunisian Crochet.or the difference between Cro Hook and Tunisian…Please continue to have more videos. Sure it has been helpful to many others also. Thank you for sharing.

  • Z. "Muffin" Patrick

    Back in the late 70’s I had a Tunisian pattern for a ladies raglan sleeve sweater. Due to a house fire I lost all of my supplies and patterns. I have never been able to find that pattern again. Any suggestions on where I could find one? Thanks so much, Muffin

    • Janie in CA

      Muffin, I know it’s been awhile but I just saw this post. I think I am looking for the same pattern. Was it basically boxy, and open at the front except for one button at the neck? I made one out of cotton. I don’t know what happened to either the pattern or the sweater! Can anyone help us?

  • pam caldwell

    hello.. i am trying to find a beginners pattern to learn tunisian crochet.. i know how to do some of the stitches but cant seem to find an easy pattern for beginners.. im not a beginner in crocheting just with this type of crochet.. can you help me?

  • Meg

    I am an avid crocheter and want to learn tunisian crocheting. I love working with wood hooks and a tunisian crochet hook with a flexible extention. But I can’t find them any smaller than “n” or for any cheaper than $30. I’m looking for a flexible tunisian hook no bigger than a “K”. Any ideas about where I can find one?

  • delee

    I have just learned how to do Tunisian crochet in the last week and am absolutely delighted with it … looking forward to joining the yahoo group. Thanks for your patterns Kim, I am keen to get started. Already made a baby afghan using all the stitches shown on the tutorials. Can’t believe how fast the work grows – love that 🙂 Kind Regards to you.

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  • Kendra

    I love Tunisian Crochet!!! Easy, fast and produces beautiful crafts. Does anyone know where I might find a Tunisian mitten pattern?

  • Nancy

    I really love your website blog it is great work
    I would like to know if the books you have in tunisian is available in Canada.
    again well done
    Nancy aka crochetmum

    • crochetkim

      I believe that Annie’s Attic sells wholesale to Walmart Canada, so they could be available there at some point. And, the book is on the Amazon Canada website, but not available there until April.

  • Nancy

    ok thank you for the information
    nancy aka crochetmum

  • Lynn

    I am trying to find a Q/16mm 15″ Tunisian crochet hook and I am not having any luck. Can anyone tell me where this might be available?

  • In the midst of researching the country of Tunisia I ran across this site with the most beautiful crochet project I personally have ever seen. Next week we are headed for the Memphis in May world champsionship BBQ and the designated country this year is Tunisia. Does anyone know the tie between this crocheting and the country? I would really like to tie this in when we enter the booth contest which the theme is Tunisia.

    • crochetkim

      My research has indicated that Tunisian crochet didn’t originate in Tunisia. As far as I can tell, it may not have anything at all to do with Tunisia. This was the name given the technique in publications out of the UK. I believe it was only for marketing purposes.

  • May

    I Love tunisian crochet! Your work has really helped me learn more stitches and give me the confidence to try more.
    Even my Mistakes can make new stitches and a more interesting twist to things. Thank You so much and
    keep up the awesome work! ~ May

  • miriam guzman

    I purchase your tunisian lace book, however, I misplaced the DVD. Is the DVD available separately and how can I purchase it.

  • anne FdeF

    I am following instructions from serendipity crochet regarding edging in Tunisian tips
    They say “for a short video of the stitch go to crochetkim.com Tunesian reverse stich and scroll down to the bottom of the list of tutorials.’

    Sorry, I did not find the list of tutorials: did I miss them?

    Thanks for your help.

    Yours
    Anne FdeF

    • crochetkim

      All of my videos have been moved to YouTube. On the right side of my blog, there is a section called “Where You’ll Find Me”. Click on the link for YouTube and you’ll have access to all of my videos, including the Reverse Stitch. Hope that helps! Kim

    • crochetkim

      I noticed that you posted here on my Tunisian crochet page. At the bottom of this post is a list of all current Tunisian videos as well.

  • Nancy

    I was looking at some tunisian crochet videos and saw one stitch called the “tunisian shell stitch” that I’ve never seen before. I can’t find any instructions on it online, nor any references except that one video. Can you help me (us) out with this new stitch? Thanks!

    • Nancy

      I’m disappointed that I haven’t yet seen a response to my question, although I know that many people must have read it. This shell stitch on YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EPFszu-EfAU is unique and beautiful! “Art of Crochet by Teresa” has created a video, but the resulting fabric isn’t the same.

      Kim, is there any way that you can create a video explaining this stitch, particularly how to begin it, multiples, etc.? That would be wonderful if you could!!

      Thanks,
      Nancy

      • crochetkim

        My guess is that there wasn’t enough information provided in your question for anyone to give a response. There are just as many types of shells and clusters in Tunisian as there are in regular crochet.

        You may want to pick up the book and DVD I did for Annie’s Attic. There are several shells and each stitch pattern gives the multiples as well. It isn’t my intention to be evasive. I am simply trying to balance my free content. It takes a lot of work to make a video and I don’t often have the available time to do it.

        Neither of these stitches look new to me. It is the normal stitch used to make a shell. And, I’ve explained shells it in a lot of detail on the DVD since I am not limited by time in the same manner I am on YouTube.

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  • Sue Wade

    I am truly interested in Tunisian crochet, however, it seems no matter what size hook I use, the work curls. Is there a way to keep that from happening?

    • crochetkim

      Tunisian crochet curls. It’s because of the way the stitch sitting either predominantly on the front or predominantly on the back, rather than the top. Tunisian Knit Stitch, especially, is the worst culprit for curling. There are several ways to alleviate the curl and I purposely design things to alleviate the curl (unless, like in one of my handbag patterns, I took advantage of the curling when making the handle).

      The most popular method of alleviating the curl is by using a Tunisian Reverse Stitch at the beginning. You can find a video I’ve done for it in this blog post. This has the same effect that knitters use when working in stockinette as it adds a garter stitch like row.

      I have also used a Tunisian Double Stitch at the beginning as well as a Tunisian Extended Stitch. And, there is another trick from the knitters of using seed stitch at the beginning which can also be done in Tunisian.

      Lastly, a good, heavier border around the project in regular crochet or a nice “blocking” will help greatly.

  • Raymonde

    About 40 years ago, my grandmother game some of her wood and metal tunisian crochet hooks. They date back to the 1930’s. I also have some old “Mon Tricot” crochet and knitting stitch dictionaries with many tunisian crochet stitch patterns. So it seems that tunisian crochet has been around for a long time….

    • crochetkim

      Most definitely. The oldest book in my library that references Tunisian is from 1907. I’ve been told that the earliest reference is from the 1860s or 1870s or so. But, it was practiced for many, many years before it was actually published. There is really no telling how old it is.

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  • Alyson U

    Hello Kim,

    I own your book “Learn Tunisian Crochet” and I am doing the Slouchy Beanie. I can get along with the headband part just fine, but I cannot start the actual hat part of the beanie because the instructions confuse me quite a bit. I was wondering if you could explain that in better detail? You mention to pick up 75 sts but the thing is is that there is only room for about 30-something. Only 1 hole fits the Tunsian Crochet Hook and I’m not sure where you insert and pull up loops. I know you say at the ends of the rows but..I’m just lost…please help me!! A video tutorial of that would be great but if not, an explanation would do just as good!! Thanks!!!

    • I don’t currently have a video, but you’ll be fine. There are 76 rows for the band. You will insert your hook in the side edge of every row. If you are not seeing your rows, try studying the band and finding all the rows so that you can familiarize yourself with how the end of each row looks. Then, you’ll just insert your hook and pull up a loop in the side edge all the way across. 🙂

      • Alyson U

        Do you pull up loops from in between the rows? Or on the “bumps”? If i could send you a picture it would be easier to explain, but the only way I could possibly double up on the loops for it to make sense is if I pull out another loop to fit the T.hook in, but thats impossible; I even crocheted it loose. I really am confused, I’m only 18. Hah. I think I see 1 loop but the second one is over my head.

        • You’re just going to jab your hook in there wherever it will go. You need to catch every row. Now, if your hook isn’t fitting into the spots, use a smaller hook. Jab it in there, pull up a loop and place it on your Tunisian hook. You can do it! 🙂

          • Alyson U

            So, just to make sure!!!!
            Is it normal that some row knots are tight? And it will be a little struggle to pull the loops free to get the T.hook over it? because with the rows in between the “U’s as I see it, those I can get. I don’t see spots for the hook on top of the U’s endpoints. I’m supposed to get a loop out from there too?? I’m making sure I’m getting this right, I really want to get this right!!

          • Yes, you need a loop for all rows. Every other row will look different because one is the first stitch and one is the last stitch. The rows with a chain at the beginning are easier to see and use. The ones with a single crochet there as the last stitch will be slightly more challenging to see. You’ll just jab your hook into the center of the single crochet to catch the edge. Don’t worry. This will all get easier with practice.

          • Alyson U

            Thank you for the help!! I’m going to try that now and hopefully get somewhere with it. If I have any more questions I’ll contact again! 🙂 Thank you ma’am!

  • Alyson U

    Hi Kim!!
    So, I wanted to give you an update! I GOT WHAT YOU WERE TALKING ABOUT AND MADE THE BEANIE!!!

    BUT…

    I need to know what I did wrong. I had all the stitch counts right, everything was right from what I know (triple checked my work) and it doesn’t even look slouchy. Its too small for me. It looks like a baby’s hat. I’m a small headed person!! Did I pull too hard? (I kept the loops and such loose…) 🙁 I was so excited for this beanie…and somehow it doesn’t even FIT me. :/ Doesn’t slouch either…what did I do wrong from what I’m telling you?? I have no clue…

    • It’s nothing you really did incorrectly. It’s just that you stitch more tightly than the tension stated in the pattern or your yarn is smaller than the yarn used in the pattern. This is something you will learn with more experience. Definitely look at it as a learning experience that, I presume, produced a lovely hat albeit too small for you. Tension is as unique as handwriting. Everyone crochets differently and you will find information about tension in the section called “gauge”. And, your tension will vary from day-to-day because of different things that may be affecting you, like stress. If you decide to give it another shot with heavier yarn or a larger hook, after you finish the ribbing and get a few rows into the body of the hat, wrap it around your head to ensure that it fits before continuing to save yourself time. I like my slouchier hats to measure about 25″ above the ribbing, if that helps.

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  • Joyce

    Kim I am just learning Tunisian crochet. when I complete the return row I can see that the row is decreasing in size- how do you keep the rows even if you don’t chain one at the beginning of return row, I know you can get me to understand.

    • If you don’t chain one at the beginning of the return, you are essentially decreasing a stitch. Some people have done this in order to change the look of the edge, but you will need to know how to “read” the stitches so you can be certain to pick up that last stitch.

  • Jack

    Kim,

    First I want to say I think you are an excellent designer. I also want to thank you because you have got me started on Tunisian Crochet. I have learned a lot from you.

    I am looking to get Tunisian crochet hooks that have cables so I can work bigger projects. Can you recommend a good set? None of the craft shops around me have any. I have looked online and have found the bamboo and some plastic ones, but reviewers say that they break easily.

    Thank you

    • My personal favorites are my Spectra Flair interchangeables and my Denise interchangeables. New to the market are the interchangeables from DyakCraft and they are absolutely perfect as well.

  • Marilyn

    I received a “Tunisian-Stitch Afghans” book for Christmas. Most of the patterns call for a “cabled Tunisian Crochet Hook. Is a cabled Tunisian Hook the same as a “flexible Tunisian Hook? Thank you in advance for your help.
    Merry Christmas

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